Bridge Lamps

Weishan Lake was originally the Jorde Lake of the two provinces of Sulu. Why is it unique to Shandong Province?

Weishan Lake is famous for the movie “Railway Guerrillas”. The theme song “Weishan Lake” and the episode “Popping my beloved Pipa” of the same name once swept the north and south of the river, enduring.

Weishan Lake Scenery

Actually, this kind of pipa is called

Earthen pipa

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

It was made by folk artists by itself. Strictly speaking, it is not called pipa, called

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Liuqin

, Used to accompany the local drama-

Liuqin

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

(Also known as Pulling Soul, Sizhou Opera). Because it has only two strings, the fixed sound is the same as the erhu, and the two strings are 5 degrees. It is “tone” or “tune”. The sound range is narrow and the performance is relatively easy.

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Folk artists playing Tu Pipa

The main thing is,

Simple production, easy materials, low price. In the northern Jiangsu region in the 1990s, artists often sell such dirt pipa on the market or walking on the streets. The price is generally floating between 10 yuan and 50 yuan.

Of course, this is this kind of cheap

The sound height is inaccurate, the sound is poor, the sound range is not wide, the production is rough, and the quality is inferior. But the folk self -entertainment is enough, and he can sing and sing by himself, and he is intoxicated. Guerrillars love it while fighting

It’s not difficult to understand.

Of course, high quality

Made by professional musical instrument factory, the material selection is well -selected. Most of the panel materials are sycamore wood produced by Lancao County. Various high -grade mahogany, such as Indian leaflet rosewood, Hainan Huanghuali, sour rosewood, sournium and chicken wings in Southeast Asia. Of course It is made of beef horns, ivory, and beef bones. The strings have abandoned the traditional silk strings, using steel strings, the sound is more crisp and beautiful, and the play is more smooth.

So, why is the railway guerrilla on the Weishan Lake? Because the Jinpu Railway passed by the Jinpu Railway during the Republic of China, the railway guerrillas moved in the area of ​​Weishan Lake.

The location of Weishan Lake is located

Weishan Lake is the largest freshwater lake in northern China. It is located at the junction of southwestern Lu and northwest of the Soviet Union. It is located at the junction of Weishan County, Jining, Shandong and Pei County, Xuzhou, Jiangsu. The provincial boundary lake here.

Weishan Lake is a group of lakes, because

Zhaoyang Lake, Dushan Lake, Nanyang Lake

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

and

Weishan Lake

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

The composition of the four lakes is the largest in the four lakes with the largest area of ​​Weishan Lake, so

Essence Actually, its official name is

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

South Four Lakes

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Essence

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Many people may not know this.

Four lakes are connected together, called South Four Lakes

The total area of ​​Southern Four Lakes is 1266 square kilometers, of which the Weishan Lake is 660 square kilometers, accounting for half of the four lakes. Weishan Lake is a relatively young geological broken construction lake. The lake surface was formed during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty. The main reason is that the geological collapse and the Yellow River dyke are formed here. The surrounding terrain, river water and rain, gradually formed lakes. Before the formation of the four lakes, there were many small lakes such as Chishan, Lu Meng, Wujia, Huangshan, Zhangzhuang, Tower, Manchuria and Yangcheng, which were eventually swallowed by four lakes.

Weishan Lake is Jiehu in Jining, Zaozhuang and Jiangsu Pei County, and Tongshan District

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Weishan Lake is a shallow water lake, which belongs to the Water system of the Huaihe River, with an average water depth of less than 3 meters. There are more than a dozen rivers in the surroundings. Grand Canal.

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

If you look closely at the map of China, you will find that Weishan Lake is like a slender jade belt floating on the border of Sulu, moving northwest to southeast. Pei County, Tongshan District. That’s right! It is actually the Jiehu Lake of Xuzhou and Weishan County. But strangely, Weishan Lake only belongs to Shandong, and Jiangsu has no share. Why? As the saying goes:

Half of the meeting

Why does the lake between us belong to you alone? This is unfair!

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Weishan Lake is close to Xuzhou Peixian

In fact, the controversy of Weishan Lake began during the Republic of China, and the previous provinces did not have much dispute over the lake. The villagers in the west of Hudong are disputes due to fishing, but they are all local disputes. In the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China, due to the shrinking of the lake, a large number of lake beaches were exposed, forming hundreds of thousands of acres of good fields. This is a fertile land. Winter wheat is planted in autumn and can be planted in summer. The dramatic increase in the population on both sides of the strait has also made land resources more tense. As a result, surrounding the beach in the beach in Weishan Lake, the mass relationship between the two sides of the lake became tense, and there were dozens of fighting fights. As for the small dispute, there were countless.

In order to have Weishan Lake, Shandong has made Jining City into leaves

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

During the Republic of China, the country’s turmoil, coupled with long -term wars, the government could not be able to solve the ownership of Weishan Lake at all. Therefore, the lake bandits, lakes, and landlords control the lake surface and oppress the peasants. In order to fight for lake fields and occupy the lake, they fool and encourage villagers to fight for fighting. Various disputes have emerged endlessly, and the casualties of people on both sides of the strait have become the norm. For a long time, the force conflict on the banks of Weishan Lake has become accustomed to nature, and everyone is surprised.

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the dispute between Weishan Lake has not effectively resolved. It has long plagued the central and local governments for a long time, becoming a headache for provincial, cities, counties, communities, and rural areas.

In 1953, in order to completely resolve the ownership disputes of Weishan Lake, the country specially established a Weishan County to manage Weishan Lake. Therefore, Weishan County is a very young county, which is specially established by Weishan Lake. The area under the jurisdiction is based on four lakes, fishing villages in the lake, and semi -fishing villages in the lake, including 16 villages in Peixian, The 44 villages of Jiaxiang County, 81 villages from Yutai County, 47 villages in the Yuanshan County, 93 villages belonging to Xuecheng County, 21 villages belonging to the original Yiyi County, and Lu Village Town, 302 villages and 4 towns such as Nanyang Town, Hanzhuang Town, Xia Town, and 4 towns are merged into

Weishan County

Weishan Lake in the setting sun

Weishan County covers an area of ​​more than 1700 square kilometers, but the four lakes occupy nearly 1,200 square kilometers. Therefore, the land area of ​​Weishan County is only about 500 square kilometers, but the population is more than 600,000. Essence This made Weishan County very embarrassing, with a small area, but the population was crowded.

However, the establishment of Weishan County has not completely resolved the disputes between Weishan Lake, mainly because the relationship between cross -strait cross -strait relations is complicated, the ownership of lake production, the lake beach area is not fixed, the gap between the dry period and the rich water period is large, and the cultivation can be cultivated. The lake beach is also more or less. In addition, in the three years of Xuzhou in the beginning of the liberation, it was temporarily under the management of Shandong Province, and it was close to Pei County and many villages in Pei County in Weishan Lake. He has been under the jurisdiction of the “Taizu Special Agency” and the Tengxian Special Agency.

Weishan Lake Significance

In January 1953, the Jiangsu Provincial People’s Government was established, and the two provinces of Su Lu began to handle the transfer of Xuzhou. Shandong requested that Zhaoyang Lake, Weishan Lake, and 30 villages in the west of the lakes in Peixian and Tongshan were placed at the same time. It is convenient for the management of Weishan Lake, while Shandong specializes in a Weishan County to manage the South Sihu area. Xia Zhen, where the Weishan County Government is located, has a long -term belonging to Pei County in history. Therefore, the complexity of the administrative divisions of the two places is a constant and chaotic relationship.

Weishan Lake shape schematic diagram

Therefore, there is no effective solution for hundreds of years. It can be said that the dispute over the realm of Weishan Lake lasted for more than two hundred years. In the Qing Dynasty, the Emperor Xianfeng had shocked the Emperor Xianfeng.

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Since Weishan Lake spans two provinces and three cities, since the late Qing Dynasty, border disputes have continued. In the 50 years from 1953 to 2003, there were more than 400 large -scale fighting in the Weishan Lake region, causing more than 30 people to die and more than 800 people injured. In fact, the disputes between Weishan Lake have been in the past. The relationship between the lakes, the beach, and the islands in the lake, and the villages on both sides of the strait are intricate, and there are many problems left over from history.

Shandong Jining Human Geographic Map

If you look at the map alone, you will find that Jining City is like a leaf, but its leaf stalks are inserted into Xuzhou City, Jiangsu. In history, due to administrative division, some villages on both sides of the strait also returned to Shandong sometimes, and sometimes returned to Jiangsu, and it was erratic. The upper reaches of Nanyang Lake and Dushan Lake belong to Jining and Zaozhuang, Shandong, which is not controversial. However, from the geographical point of view of the downstream Zhaoyang Lake and Weishan Lake, it obviously belongs to Pei County, Fengxian and Tongshan County, Xuzhou, Jiangsu. From the perspective of historical evolution, Weishan Lake is collectively referred to

This is from the perspective of Shandong’s geographical location, because Weishan Lake is located in the southwest of Shandong Province, so it is called

South

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Four lakes. Jiangsu does not agree with the title of “South Four Lakes”, which is still called Weishan Lake.

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Weishan County is very narrow

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

The east coast of Weishan Lake is generally not controversial. It belongs to Shandong Province. The railway guerrillas are also active in the area of ​​Zaozhuang Lincheng (now Xuecheng District). The belonging of the village on the island of the lake also belongs to Shandong. However, there are large lake fields on the west bank of the lake, which is the purpose and root of the dispute. The people take food as the sky, and the food is the first, and the food is inseparable from the cultivated land. Therefore, the villagers of the two provinces have started a dispute over 200 years around the fertile lake fields.

Weishan Lake Scenic Area

In the late Qing Dynasty, the orders of Peixian and Fengxian County allowed refugees to cultivate lake fields from Shandong, but they emphasized that they could only cultivate the lake fields without the owner, and only the right to cultivate the right. After a long time, because the property rights of the lake field are not clear, the contradiction between the people and the local villagers have appeared. Since then, the disputes have continued. However, the role is limited, and the bleeding conflict between the two sides often broke out.

Weishan Lake Topic Flat Chart

The division of the border in 1953 was led by the State Council, and the representatives of the two provinces of Sulu were signed and determined. However, the negotiations were unsuccessful, and it exacerbated the outbreak of contradictions. The reason is the phrase “with the lake field”. The two parties have inconsistent understanding of the “lake field”. Lake fields change with the changes in the lake. The concept of “Huntian is the boundary” is dynamic and does not fixed. Villagers in Shandong believe that wherever the water rises, wherever it is, it belongs to Shandong; where the water is retreating, and where is Jiangsu.

Beautiful Mountain Lake with beautiful scenery

In 1958, Shandong unilaterally built a dam in the upstream, cutting 90 % of the water in the South Four Lakes in the upper reaches, which made Jiangsu, which was in the downstream. When the water is short, the upstream does not open the water to release the water, causing the downstream drought; the upstream of the upstream is desperately drained, causing the downstream water to suffer from disasters. The industrial and agricultural production of Xuzhou City has been seriously affected. As a result, the contradiction between Peixian and Weishan County intensified, and in order to grab winter wheat in autumn and winter, the two sides have suffered large -scale fighting for years.

Fish production in Weishan Lake

For many years, everyone has been exhausted, and the villagers are even afraid of the cultivation period and harvesting period, because they are staged every year because they are grabbing and harvesting.

In April 1967, Premier Zhou instructed the Nanjing Military Region to mediate disputes about Weishan Lake in the two provinces of Solu. The Nanjing Military Region convened the relevant departments of the two provinces, cities, and counties of Sulu to visit and visit through field investigations. Finally, they sat down to open a meeting to negotiate, forming a summary, which divided the Weishan Lake in writing. However, during the specific implementation, the two sides were large. The contradictions not only did not resolve it, but became more intensified. In the past 10 years, countless conflicts occurred in the two sides, causing multiple casualties.

Weishan Lake water source flow out of the picture

At the end of October 1980, the Ministry of Water Resources and the Ministry of Civil Affairs formed a joint investigation team to investigate the dispute over Weishan Lake. It was believed that the “Lakefield as the boundary” stipulated in the establishment of Weishan County in 1953 was flawed. Hidden dangers, and formulate a solution, in the centralized world of Weishan Lake in the lower reaches, the east of the lake is from Shandong, and the west of the lake is Jiangsu.

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Fishermen in Weishan Lake

In September 1981, the State Council organized the leaders of the two provinces of Sulu to discuss the planning plan proposed by the Ministry of Water Resources and the Ministry of Civil Affairs. Jiangsu said that it can be accepted in general, but it needs to be adjusted in detail; the Shandong side said that it was completely unacceptable, so the solution was ended. For more than 20 years, the relevant national departments have continuously investigated and coordinated, but they have not been able to obtain satisfactory results. The two sides still have continued fighting.

At the end of the Qing Dynasty, a large number of Shandong victims went to the west bank of Weishan Lake to recover the lake field

In 2003, the leaders of Xuzhou and the two cities of Jining sent a friendly signal to each other. By exchanging in -depth exchanges and contacts, they signed the “Agreement on the Social Stability on the Social Stability of the Northern Defense and Jointly Maintenance of the Border Regions in the attitude of friendly negotiation and efforts to solve the problem. In August 2004, Peixian and Weishan County were concluded as

Friendly county

In order to completely resolve the contradictions, the leaders of the second city are closely intersecting and sent to the police formed by the police to patrol the day and night in the seasons, resolve conflicts, and resolve disputes. The injuries caused by the past are not pursued, and the casualties caused by the villagers caused by their respective financial departments will be pension and subsidized. Of course, those who violate the criminal law should be held accountable according to law. Through the meticulous work of both parties, today’s Weishan Lake is calm and quiet, without the previous swordsmanship.

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

One of the outlets of Weishan Lake outlets

For many years, everyone has also been tired and tired. The two sides struggle, delaying production, waste of energy, causing casualties, loss of time, energy and financial resources, and not dividing a winning or losing. In the end everyone is a loser.

Of course, the main reason is that everyone no longer takes the land as the root cause! The dependence on farmland is greatly reduced! At that time, you were fighting for you to die. It was nothing more than a few acres of fields. Nowadays, it is diversified development. There are many industries such as business, working, opening, and running. Besides, decades have passed, and the price of food is almost stagnant. The farmers have no benefits. This is the consensus of farmers. It has time and energy to fight for lakes and fields. Stupid that time!

Zhongli River

As for why Weishan Lake belongs to Shandong, it is mainly the factors left in history. If Jiangsu owns, then Jiangsu only has part of the Weishan Lake downstream. It belongs to Shandong Province.

Peixian is close to Weishan Lake

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

When the state is hosting the boundary, why does it tend to Shandong? This is mainly because Jiangsu does not lack

lake

, But Shandong is short. Without Weishan Lake, Jiangsu also has Taihu, Hongze Lake, Slim Lake, Yangcheng Lake, Luoma Lake, Gaoyou Lake, Xuanwu Lake, Jinji Lake, Magpie Lake, Tianmu Lake, Mochou Lake, Da Woma Lake, Baima Lake, Shao Bo Lake and so on … Taihu and Hongze Lake can be proud of the whole country.

Weishan Lake Scenery

微山湖本是苏鲁两省的界湖,为何归山东省独有?

Weishan Lake Scenery

Weishan Lake Scenery

Earthen pipa

Earthen pipa

Earthen pipa

Earthen pipa

Liuqin

Weishan Lake

South Four Lakes

Essence

And Suzhou, located in southern Jiangsu, has many lakes and countless.

Luoma Lake Scenic Area

As far as Xuzhou is concerned, there are Yulong Lake, Jiuli Lake, Dalong Lake, Jinlong Lake, Jiao Mountain Lake, Luoma Lake, etc.Therefore, there is no shortage of lakes in Xuzhou.As for Suzhong and Southern Jiangsu, there are many lakes.

Therefore, there is no shortage of lakes in Jiangsu, and there is no relationship between Weishan Lake.

Huzhou, Zhejiang is close to the south bank of Taihu Lake

Besides, there are some things there is no reason!For example, Taihu, which is close to Zhejiang Huzhou in the south, and Huzhou is also named after being close to Taihu.But Taihu only belongs to Suzhou and Wuxi, Jiangsu. There is no jurisdiction in Zhejiang Huzhou. How can this explain?