Source: Health News
“In 2017, the World Health Organization released the” 2016 Global Blood Safety and Supply and Supply Report “pointed out that China’s blood safety supply level ranks among the top global. Chinese experience, Chinese plan and Chinese power that ensure blood safety supply, to make the development of global blood cause development An important contribution. “Zhou Changqiang, deputy director of the Medical and Health Management Bureau of the National Health and Health Council.
“Open source”, there are high tricks in various places
Just now, the two blood donation points of Beijing Xidan have obviously lacking the former excitement. On November 7th, only 9 people were donated by a blood collection vehicle in the Xidan Book Building, and the collection volume was 18 units. This is still a distance from 40 units per unit of blood collection in Beijing.
Liu Jiang, director of the Beijing Blood donation office and director of the Beijing Red Cross Blood Center, said that the main source of blood in Beijing is the street blood collection point. And this is not unique to Beijing. Winter and summer are the off -season of blood donation. Many staff members of the blood station have long been psychologically prepared.
In recent years, with the improvement of the living standards of urban and rural residents and the continuous improvement of the medical security system, especially the implementation of the new rural cooperative system, the number of medical patients has increased, and clinical blood demand has risen accordingly. Some cities with centralized medical resources are prone to seasonal and polarized blood supply and demand in special periods such as severe cold and heat, and before and after the Spring Festival. To this end, the team of emergency blood donors composed of volunteers such as civil servants, college students, and medical staff in various places. The clinical blood supply is guaranteed.
Recently, in the outpatient hall of Peking University International Hospital, people lined up: they are not registered, nor are they going to the clinic, but blood donation. This is the “Life Alliance” for unpaid blood donation activities initiated by Beijing Red Cross Blood Center and Peking University International Hospital and Zhongguancun Life Science Park and the park of the park for the second consecutive year. It is understood that in 2017, the Beijing Red Cross Blood Center and Peking University International Hospital jointly tried to encourage corporate employees to donate blood for free, while the hospital provided a series of medical and convenient services for blood donation enterprises and individuals, including priority use for priority use. Hematology, priority registration services, medical project preferential services, etc. From October 2017 to March 2018, a total of 406 corporate employees donated blood, totaling 95600 ml.
A main color tone is blue, and the theme blood donation car painted with white hellokitty often stops at the door of the 6th part of the Xujiahui in Shanghai. This is the second hellokitty brand authorized blood donation vehicle in Shanghai. As early as 2014, the world’s first “HelloKitty theme Love Moving Blood Congress” appeared in Shencheng. The red body, wave dot seat interior, and the hellokitty of wearing a nursing hat on the big bow and the big bow.
According to reports, the main force of the blood donors on the streets of Shanghai is more than 90%of young and middle -aged people under 40. In response to the characteristics of this population, Shanghai actively promotes the social operation of unpaid blood donation propaganda, and achieves diversification of propaganda forms, public welfare fashion, and crowd coverage through cross -border win -win results.
In the recruitment of blood donation propaganda in universities in universities in Sichuan Province, it is based on the characteristics of different blood donors or different specialties setting projects to refine publicity and education content. For example, the “Single Plateau Recruitment” project, special publicity and education based on the recruitment of single -enabled platelets; the “landscape involved” project, with the combination of blood donors, and the main form of publicity and education on cycling publicity; “The project is the main content of the publicity of free blood donation in rural areas.
Blood management improvement protection height
It is understood that the “Clinical Blood Transfer Technical Specifications” promulgated in 2000 is being revised. Among them, a very important content will be to increase the blood management part of patients. “The earliest clinical blood protection, now we are more willing to say that the patient’s blood management. The meaning of the two is similar, but the concept is different. The blood management of patients not only increases the height of blood protection, but also enhances the sense of participation in patients. Patients with surgery can reduce blood loss and reduce blood transfusion. At the same time, the blood transfusion mark is moved forward by early intervention to achieve the purpose of not using blood transfusion. “Ji Hongwen, director of the blood transfusion department of Fuwai Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.
From full blood infusion to ingredient blood use, from general blood transfusion to scientific and rational blood transfusion, my country’s blood transfusion management has been constantly refreshing the concept in 20 years. The establishment of a multi -disciplinary blood management team is the practice of many hospitals, and Fuwai Hospital is no exception. The hospital has established the team since 2009. Before surgery, he focused on treating anemia and improving coagulation functions. During the operation, he worked hard to reduce blood loss and regularly apply autologous blood recycling. The cause of bleeding was diagnosed in time after surgery, thereby forming a closed loop of blood management. In order to do a good job of supervision, Fuwai Hospital also created the evaluation and publicity system of single disease types of blood transfusion, categorized and analyzed according to the disease type, regularly publicized the blood transfusion and blood transfusion rate of single diseases, and between the ward areas and the physician between the doctors and the physician Compare.
On October 31, the National Copyright Bureau issued a software copyright registration certificate to the “Smart Blood Station” in Yichang City, Hubei Province. This is also the only “smart blood station” in the country’s blood supply system that has been registered by the National Copyright Administration. It is understood that in 2016, Yichang Center Blood Station began to propose the construction of “smart blood stations” nationwide. By establishing a public service platform, a clinical blood intelligent service platform, an emergency command platform, and an intelligent office management platform for hematopoietic adoption, etc. Mi Zhi Love Mutual Assistance Network, Blood Safety Network, Emergency Sales Network.
In fact, managing blood by informationization has become the normal state. Zhou Changqiang said that blood stations across the country have realized information management, which can inquire about the information of blood donors in real time, and effectively avoid problems such as insufficient blood donation and blood donation.
Rules and systems are becoming mature
Blood donation for free is part of a healthy life. How to make this part is not absent, the guarantee of rules and systems is essential.
Zhu Yongming, chairman of the China Bloodrodation Association, said that from the whole country, based on the laws such as the Blood Donation Law, a system composed of a relatively complete system composed of laws, regulations, regulations, systems, standards, regulations, etc., covering unpaid blood donation of blood donation , Institutional management, quality management, clinical blood management and other aspects related to blood safety. Local blood donation regulations are introduced according to local conditions. These regulations combine their respective reality, forming a detailed implementation of the “Blood Donation Law”. In recent years, there are two significant characteristics of the new revised regulations: first, it has clarified and refined government departments at all levels and various institutions to promote voluntary blood donation; the other is to care for blood donors and create unpaid blood donation society. The atmosphere proposes a specific plan, such as free parks stipulated in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Province, and taking the city bus. “It is particularly praised that most of these schemes are very operable and not excessive. At the same time, they not only express the meaning of care and praise, but not to be compensated by blood donation.” Zhu Yongming said.
It is understood that at present, governments at all levels and the competent health authorities have established a network with a comprehensive blood collection and supply agency network with provincial blood centers and prefecture -level center blood stations. In terms of openness and transparency, Zhu Yongming said that blood stations across the country have almost implemented two lines of income and expenditure. The account of the blood station is directly supervised and controlled by the financial department. Therefore, as far as the regulatory mechanism is concerned, it is completely transparent.
Zhou Changqiang revealed that in the future, it will further improve the establishment of a system of free blood donation and long -term mechanism, strengthen the propaganda mobilization of blood donation, improve the blood guarantee system, comprehensively promote the clinical rational use of blood, and strive to reach the blood donation rate in 2020 to reach 15/1,000 population. 100%comes from voluntary blood donation, blood safety and clinical rational use of blood levels further improved.