Two men once purchased illegal smuggling ivory on Taobao, and they were prosecuted and criminal responsibilities were prosecuted for illegal acquisition of precious and endangered wildlife products.
Taobao has already penetrated into our daily life,
Many people know that selling ivory is illegal, but it is also illegal to buy ivory! Intersection Intersection
There are unspeakable red lines in each industry. Friends who play collection may have heard the saying of “one red, two black and three white”. It refers to the three materials for the state’s ban on transactions:
I believe you have discovered that they are part of animals. These materials are called organic gems in gemstones. Organic gemstones are formed by the role of natural biology and can be used as jewelry, such as cranes red, rhino horns, ivory, and pearls, beeswax, corals, and crickets we are familiar with are organic gems.
So why can pearl beeswax be bought and sold at will, but “one red, two black and three white” is banned by the country?
Today I will talk to you about a very serious topic.
When it comes to cranes, the first reaction of almost everyone is poison in costume dramas?
He Dinghong claims to be the first poison in the world, and the tiny dose can be placed to death.
But the crane red today is not a poison, but the skull of the east Asian tropical rain forest helmet.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the helmet and bird skull was flowed into our country as a tribute in the Yuan Dynasty.
The skull of the helmet birds is solid and can be used for carving, and the helmet birds are hunting. Its skulls are mostly used for cups, belts for rewarding, and carved into crafts, which is several times more precious than ivory.
Although the craft red crafts are beautiful, the process of mining is very cruel. When the helmet birds are still alive, the hunter directly kills them and achieves the skull. Due to the sharp decline in forest resources and the surrounds of poachers, the helmet birds have appeared in regional extinction and are extremely endangered. They were included in the first -class protection species by the Washington Convention and prohibited them from conducting international trade.
Think about if you play the skull of a living animal, how can you get it?
Recommended alternative -beeswax
Do you feel familiar? Yes, it’s beeswax.
Beeswax and crane top red, they are close to them, and their texture is smooth and delicate. It is also the category that star Zhao Wei and Liu Xiaoqing and other stars are particularly beloved. As one of the seven treasures of Buddhism, beeswax is not as hot as the market, which is worth collecting.
Two Black Rhino Horn
The corners of the rhino family are the hard and precious teeth materials growing from the rhino skin.
In ancient times, rhino horn products were regarded as good evil spirits, and they were as famous as the night light and Mingyuezhu. Rhino horn is not only carved into various accessories, but also has medicinal value clearing, cooling blood, detoxifying, and frightening, and is made into traditional medicinal materials.
The Arab country regards rhino horns as a symbol of social levels. In Yemen and Oman, the rhino horns are used to make a dagger handle used at the ceremony.
The process of taking rhino horn is also very cruel. At first, humans just picked up the keratin of the rhino’s natural falling off, but after discovering the value of the rhino horn, humans began to kill cruelly. Especially in 2011, the South African Nature Reserve was killed in 488 white rhinos a year. In the two years, the white rhino was hunt more than 1,000 heads. In the black market trading, the price of rhino horn had been fired hundreds of thousands of yuan. No profit leads to no extinction!
In 1993, the Chinese government issued a ban to prohibit the use of rhino horns. China’s last rhino was extinct in 1972 due to human hunting. As one of the members of the International Wild Trade Convention, China has always supported the ban on the transaction of any rhino product transaction. Rhino horn carving has become an absolute sound as a wonderful work in ancient Chinese art.
Recommended alternative (1) -Priguang sandalwood
Ziguang sandalwood, also known as “Rhino Horn Rosewood”, is a kind of wood in the branches of the rising sandalwood. Its material is hard and smooth, with tight texture, sparse brown eyes, thick oil, and the paste formed after polishing is very bright. The color, touch, and rhino horn after processing are very similar. As a substitute for rhino horn, it is the most suitable choice.
Recommended alternative (2) -Mo Cui
As a jade, Mo Cui has a warm texture and a strong color. The surface of Mo Cui looks black, but under the light, it shows the dark dark green or dark green. The real Mo Cui is very few and precious.
Recommended alternative (3) -Obsidian
Similarly, black gem obsidian can also be used as substitutes. Obsidian is used to make Buddhist beads and crafts. In traditional Chinese folk customs, obsidian is often used to recruit wealth and evil. The price is very close to the people.
Ivory was used by the palace power in ancient my country and made jewelry, pyrine, pen holders, ornaments, etc. In addition, it is also processed as a billiards, dice and piano keys, which is a very expensive raw material.
Like helmets and rhinos, elephants are also precious protection animals.
But many people do not know that in addition to the exposed part of the ivory, there is a large cut in the face. As a result, the cruel hunters often cut the elephant’s face in order to get more ivory, which will cause the elephant to die. Think of the picture, it is also cruel. (Too bloody, let’s not put the pictures!) Therefore, my country has banned the transactions of contemporary ivory and ivory products.
According to Article 151, paragraph 2 of the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China: The criminal liability of the “smuggling country for prohibiting import and export and its products”. If ivory and products enter the country, if the circumstances are serious and constitutes a crime, the criminal liability of the parties shall be held suspected of smuggling precious animals and precious animal products. How many years are judged, it is necessary to depend on the specific situation of smuggling. The light is in prison or detained for less than five years, and a fine of the fines or single fines. If the circumstances are serious, it will be imprisoned for more than five years and a fine.
In 2016, in Nairobi, Kenya, the Kenyan government publicly burned 105 tons of ivory and 1.3 tons of rhino horn to show the unremitting efforts of the Kenyan government in promoting the global prohibition of ivory and rhino horn trade.
In addition, it is reminded that many people know that smuggling and selling illegal ivory products are illegal, but they do not know that illegal ivory products are also illegal. At the beginning of the article, buying ivory is also illegal!
Recommended alternative (1) -Mami ivory
Mammoth ivory is the best alternative of ivory. It is allowed to transaction without illegal or killing. The difference is that ordinary ivory is pulled up from the elephant that is still surviving now, and the fierce ivory is a fossil of the real mammoth that has been dead for thousands of years, and there is no killing.
Mammoth ivory is called “white gold”. Its site is close to the Arctic. After tens of thousands of years of frozen (40-50 ° C), the appearance is very well preserved, which is more high and high in the exemplary ivory density. Crafts have high appreciation. Due to the limited resources, as people continue to minimize and excavate, the ivory will become less and less, and the value of collection is getting higher and higher.
Recommended alternative (2) -ivory fruit
Ivory fruits are the seeds of South American palm trees. The color and texture are very similar to ivory. The most amazing thing is that ivory fruits have a ring -shaped pattern of the year. It looks like real ivory and is called plant ivory.
The new fruit is peeled into ivory white, and the texture is delicate. It can be used as beads and carvings. After playing for a period of time, the color is converted into sugar, and the price is very cheap.
Recommended alternative (three) -Bodhi root
It is a seed called shell brown, which belongs to Bodhi. After a long period of play, Bodhi root will change color, and it may also be opened after a longer period of time. It is a good product for making rosary beads. The individual of Bodhi root is smaller than ivory fruit, and the new fruit is white inside.
Jewelry has always been synonymous with beauty. While appreciating beauty, we need to know the meaning behind it. It is because of the historical value and human values given by it, and the gemstones have become unique and shining. But if these beauty is caused by the extreme greed and cruel killing of humans, I think it has violated our original intention of enjoying jewelry. Without buying and selling, there is no killing. In order to protect endangered animals and precious animals, it is also for our own ecological environment!