Morning wounds caused by winter trimming, mechanical injury, human and animal damage, insect pests, frozen damage, wind damage, etc. must be taken in time to reduce moisture losses of the tree, prevent trees from frozen, avoid germ infection, and promote wound healing. To wait In the coming year, the tree is strong. The commonly used trauma treatment methods are as follows:
Cut the branches.
The dead branches can be seen or cut from near the injury. The branches of light injury and frost damage and wind damage should be removed at the clear limit of the dead world. The incision should be smooth. After the wound is treated, the protective agent or wax should be applied in time for healing and germinating the new shoots. For those with large wounds, it is generally wrapped in a plastic film with a plastic film in the fruit branch wound. Pay attention to the tightness when binding. This method can promote wound healing, and it is also good for the fruits and fruits. However, when the rainy season arrives, it should be loosen moderately.
Wounds or rotten diseases in large branches, etc., should be scraped off the bark of the diseased part in a timely manner at the beginning of the onset, deep to the wooden part. It is best to scrape the healthy parts to stimulate the wound to heal early. After scraping, apply 75%alcohol or 1%-3%potassium permanganate solution with a brush. Put it in the pot and heat it, then put the rosin 2.5 kg and the yellow wax 1.5 kg, keep stirring until it melts, and then cool it).
Make up holes.
When the wound has become a tree hole, it should be repaired in time to prevent the tree hole from continuing to expand. First, the rotten part of the cave was completely removed, the necrotic tissue on the edge of the cave was removed, and the medication was disinfected. It also has a good effect on the small tree hole to fill it with a wooden stake nail wedge or mix with a 30%sawdust.
For branches that are blown or lighter to the wind, the semi -split ropes can be lifted or pushed up to restore the original state. Clean the wound debris, tie it tightly with a rope or wire or hold it with a wooden board to seamlessly fit the cracks, and then use a plastic film to be tightly wrapped outside.
Some seedlings have been harmed by Gi Ding worms and Tiando, leaving many worm holes and excrement. You can use a fast knife to scrape the thick skin of the damaged area. After scraping, apply a 100%liquid to 40%oxidation and fruit, add a small amount of kerosene oil to poison the larvae. Apply the scraped wound to apply a protective agent or wax in time to promote wound healing. For deeper dried pests, cotton or broken cloth dipped in 80%of the dichlorvos of 100%solution into the pores in the pores to kill larvae. After several times the above -mentioned potions can be diluted, you can use a syringe to inject the insect hole and block the insect hole with wet mud to receive a good prevention and treatment effect.
Entry the wound protective agent formula that you can make:
(1) Line wax.
6 parts of rosin, 2 parts of animal oil, 2 alcohol, and 1 part of pine oil. First warm the rosin and animal oil at the same time, stir well, and then cool down from the fire, then slowly add alcohol and pine oil, stir well and seal and use it.
(2) Cow dung mash.
6 parts of cow dung, 8 copies of lime and plant ash, and 1 piece of fine river sand, add water to be used to use it to use it.
(3) Jolly oil purifier.
1 part of the rosin, clear oil (phenolic varnish). Heat the oil to the boiling first, then add the rosin powder to mix well. In winter, you should add more oil as appropriate.
(4) Soy oil copper.
Make with soybean oil, copper sulfate, and cooked lime. First develop copper sulfate and cooked lime into fine powder, then pour soy oil into the pot and boil until boiling, then add copper sulfate and cooked lime to oil, stir it fully, and use it after cooling.
(5) Bordeaux jelly protection agent.
Use copper sulfate 0.5 kg, 1.5 kg of lime, and 7.5 kg of water. First, mix it into Bordeaux, and then add 0.2 kg of animal oil to stir.
(6) Gray salt protective agent.
Use 1 kg of lime, 0.05 kg of salt, 1 kg of water, add a little fresh cow dung and mix well.
Source fruit tree planting new technology