Flashlights & Torches

“Gusu’s dreams”, Suzhou present more than 100 Tang Dynasties

湃 新 记

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Chang’an, Tang Dynasty, as the most significant immigrant city in the world, and the food and clothing, all aspects, all kinds of characteristics, leading the social trend.

What is the Datang? What is the life of Changan people? In recent years, more and more archaeological findings have made this person to see the splendid Tang Dynasty civilization. On September 15th, “Life Exhibition of Chang’an – Tangdu Changan People” opened in Suzhou Wu Culture Museum, showing more than 100 sets of Tang Dynasty in Xi’an archeology, through clothing, food, and live The material elements such as lines, let the audience understand the daily lives of Datang Changan people.

In Bai Ju Yi pen, Chang’an is: “100,000 home seem like a play of the game, 12th Street is like a vegetable, a small imperial fire, a star in the five-door West.” According to Zhang, Changan is the Qing Ping meteor of “the rain in front of the flowers of the flowers, Chang’an City, the Taiping people”, a spring rain in front of the Huatong, and the Qing’an City, the Qing’an City, the downtown Taiping.

In Du Fu, the Tang Dynasty, there is already “Missing Kaiyuan Full Day, Xiao Yi is still holding a million room. Rice flowing lifes millet white, public private warehouse is rich.” This scene, the people’s life is stable, the number of people is increased, the number of people increases, There are also thousands of people in the small cities, the property is rich, and every household has sufficient food; in Wang Wei’s pen, the time of entertainment is rich and colorful, “蹴 蹴 过 飞 鸟 鸟 上 上 上 里 上 上 上 上 上 上 上 上 上 上 彩One of the most parsed sports activities, while swing is more sought after by women and children.

These poems have depicted everyday life of Datang Changan pleasant. In recent years, more and more archaeological findings have made this person to see a splendid Tang Dynasty civilization.

“Leju Chang’an-Tangdu Changan People’s Life Exhibition” exhibition site

On September 15th, “Life Exhibition of Chang’an – Tangdu Changan People” opened in Suzhou Wu Culture Museum. The news reporter learned that the exhibits come from Xi’an Museum, Xi’an Cultural Relics Protection Archaeological Research Institute, Shaanxi Provincial Archaeological Research Institute, 4 Wenbo institutions in Northwestern University Museum, selecting hundreds / group Tang Dynasty artifact. The exhibition is divided into “100,000 home like a game”, “Monthly photo Chang’an Wanyu people”, “Everyday to see Changan Hua”, “Thousand Songs Wan Dance” four parts, from Tang Chang’an City’s architectural layout to residents Ingredients; from the row of jade to the treasure, daily utensils; from the car horses to entertain life. Take the architectural component, epitaphum, pottery, gold and silver, porcelain, jade, etc., to the audience to show the city’s urban evolution, residents and daily lives of the Tang Dynasty.

In the exhibition hall, the audience can see a brick in Chang’an Dudic City, such as a hand-printing brick, rigid, with a “poke” brick, etc., you can also see a variety of antique characters, such as the three-color Samurai It has a shawl, wearing armor, facial expressive, and then reproduces the spiritual style of the Tang Dynasty warrior. There is also a golden flower comb shell made of silk mosaic process, the boutique in the gold and silver in the Tang Dynasty – 女, hunting rippled single-handed silver cup, golden back Ruiso grape mirror, etc. from the clothing to the diet, None of Chang’an City, thousands of households, and the prosperous boom of Baiye.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Chen Xiaoling, the relevant person in charge of the exhibition, told reporters that “the whole exhibition tells the life of the Tang Dynasty, so we chose some lively, culturally-lifting objects. And in the show, we intentionally insert some focused exhibits in each unit, Since the scooter or the partition is separated from the independent space, when the audience shuttled in the exhibition hall, it is actually like a hub, there is a interest in the focus of the exhibits. Such exhibition is our considering social activities, help Activities to carry out some entertaining activities. “

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Shangguan’s emerald (Top)

When talking about the focus of the exhibition, Chen Xiaoling said that “Shangguan’s genographer is a relatively recommended exhibits. In the past few years (2013), the officials of Shangguan, no matter whether the academic or the people have a certain response. In addition, in the exhibition hall, there is a good-looking white porcelain in the Tang Dynasty. White porcelain appeared in the Sui Dynasty, gradually mature in the Tang Dynasty, and the official white porcelain is a symbol of the kiln white porcelain. It is a Tang Dynasty. Features. In addition, the gold and silverware is also a major feature of the Tang Dynasty. If the golden silver sac and Sagan Persian curved cups, they reflect Tang culture and Western Regions, whether in the process, still in the shape. Cultural integration. “

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Official model white porcelain

Official model

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Wu Culture Museum organizes special exhibitions to exhibit Wu Land’s cultural relics and associated with this and exhibition topics. Among the Tang Dynasty Cultural Relics Exhibition, Chen Xiaoling said, “We intend to choose the exhibits in the basic display of Wu Culture Museum. If there is a double 鸾 鸾 兽 镜, the basic exhibition also has a copper mirror. The viewer can compare. At present, Suzhou has discovered the Tang Dynasty tombs. The scale of the tombs was also relatively large. This tomb is carrying out the cultural security and cultural relics. For exhibition, we plan to restore the tomb during the exhibition hall Out, add this exhibits in Suzhou. “

First unit: 100,000 home like Go bureau

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

The Datang Dynasty opened an enterprising, prosperous and prosperous, and Chang’an, the capital, Chang’an, developed into the world’s largest urban, Tang Chang’an City, along with the ruins of Daxing City, the builder, regards the six high slopes of the original south of the dragon The six 爻 卦, use this as the core, as the geographical basis of the overall planning of Chang’an City.

According to the archaeological discovery, Tang Chang’an City has a rectangular area, with a total area of ​​84 square kilometers. It consists of Miyagi, Huangcheng, Foreign Guo Cheng, with a hundred and fifty meters wide, Suzaku Street as a central axis, one hundred and eight squares Symmetry distribution, Huangcheng and Miyagi are distributed in the north side of Chang’an City, and Suzaku Street is jurisdiction in Donggui County, and is jurisdiction in Chang’an County. Dudicheng plan to follow the Song City system, separate the residential area (Square) and the trading zone (city), in order to strengthen the management of urban residents and social security, the rigorous curfew system is implemented in the city.

Tang Changan City Plan

Just as more than a thousand more than a thousand years ago, Bai Juyi was in Chang’an Shengguan’s Guanyao, and he wanted to see Chang’an: thousands of hundred households in the city arranged together, the straight streets were divided into the cuisine, far away from the official The lights held in the morning, like a star, in front of the Daming Palace.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

This 璀璨 城 城 is less than a bricks.

Hand print, Tang, length 35.2 cm, width 17 cm, thick 6 cm, Xi’an Museum is old Tibet

Press the bricks with palm prints, known as “hand print”. Handprints are generally on the wide surface, one brick is printed, and most of the right hand palm of adults. It is worth noting that this palm print may leave the craftsman when it is handled or extracted from the bricks that have not been dried in the mold; or as an identifier, to press the hand, vital; or bricksmith The marker left when tile; it is also possible to be related to a certain custom.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Rounded, Tang, Tang, 13 cm in diameter, 1 cm thick, Xi’an Museum of Old Tibet

There is a string in the wattage edge, and the main grain decoration of the tiles is three rigs, and the composition is reasonable. Such entanglement should be formed by integrating craftsmen in China in my country.

Second Unit: Monthly photo Chang’an

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

During the Tang Dynasty, Chang’an City lives in a million people, and the resident ingredient is diverse. In addition to the royal family, expensive, banned army and civilian people, a large number of foreign minorities, businessmen, foreign countries, monks, international students, etc., to float Changan City, engage in politics, commerce, religion and cultural and artistic activities. There are hundreds of other metropolises in the same time in Chang’an, a population of tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, Changan, Tang Dynasty, called the top world of world. The characters, murals found, and the murals, such as the image of Chang’an City, thousands of households, and the prosperous scene of Baiye.

Sancai Samurai, Tang, Tongjo 86.7 cm, 1985 Xiqiao District Hong Qing Township Township Township, Xi’an Museum Tibet

The 身 is coated, the foot boots, steps on a single square base. There is a shawl, wearing a armor, a long round chest, a narrow sleeve shirt. The facial expression is realistic, with strong artistic appeal, reproduces the spiritual features of the Mrs. Mrs. Tang Dynasty.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Three-color single beam crown Wat’s civil servant, Tang, high 49.8 cm, Xi’an Museum Tibet

Head wearing a single girder champion, the face is slightly left, the five senses are compact, and the visual appearance, and it is pouring forward. Under the white broad sleeve, add stream, chest bundle broadband, behind the long-distance, under the green skirt, reveal the tip. The pair of hands on the chest and served. Erons, blue, white, green, etc. It is standing upright on the mountain stone pedestal.

Run your hand, Tang, Tang, Tongtao 72 cm, 1987 Xi’an Xincheng Hansezhai Hongqi Motor Factory Tang Tomb, Xi’an Museum

Two hug, the top is thrown to the left front. Wear straight to the chest narrow sleeves, the towers are treated, and the skirt will show a highly highlighted pointed plug. The right hand hifts to the chest, and the right shoulder is risked.

Pen Shen wrote: “Million in Chang’an City, I don’t know why, I don’t know how people live in a hundred and eight squares living in Chang’an City, in the same month, look long. During the Tang Dynasty, Chang’an City lives more than 100 million people. In addition to the royal family, the army and civilians are outside the people, the foreign minorities, the merchants, foreign countries, monks, international students, etc., to make Tang Changan become an international Turban.

Red Pathway, Tang, 27 cm high, Xi’an Museum Tibet

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Muddy red pottery, Tao figurine high-nose, 胡 胡, 胡 胡 象, 头 视 视 视 视 视 目 目 目 上 上 上 上 上 上 上 视 上 视 上 上 视 视 上 视 视 视 视 视 视 视 视 视 视 视 身 身

Well Zhen Yicheng (Top), modern, cover length 83.5 cm, width 63.5 cm; Zhizi 83.5 cm, width 63.5 cm, the primary tomb is unearthed in Dongjiao construction site in Xi’an in 2004, Northwestern University Museum

The epitaph is covered, the blue stone, the book is on the book 3 lines 12 words: “Gift Shangyi Yu Yu Yu’s Jun Tuli Ming”. The epitaph is the Chinese, which is square. The title is “giving the plaques, the Yuxi Cemetery,” Zhiwen’s 171 words, Zhi Shi’s defect, causing 9 words. Zhiwen briefly describes the identity of the Lord, come to Tang through, funeral and giving officials.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Well is really successful, Japan sent Tang study student, the eighth day of the 3rd Dynasties (Tang Xuanzong Kaiyuan five years), came to China with Xuanzang, Ji Gui Qi, and Abe Zhong Ma Lu and others came to China. Because of the first 734th (Tang Kaiyuan twenty-two years), I died in the first month, I was 36 years old, and I was a Shangyi’s official position (from five products) in Tang Xuanzong. The historical literature describes the officials and Xuanzang, Ji Gui, Abe Zhong Ma Lu, and Empty Sea, etc., but have created not only them, but also without staying. Japan’s Japanese students and study abroad. In order to learn the advanced culture of ancient China, they will go to China after they go. The discovery of the well is the discovery of the epitap, once again confirmed the history of cultural exchanges between China and Japan, and it fills the blank of historical literature to a certain extent.

The third unit: Over the day to see Changanhua

The dress reflects the most direct and most distinctive symbol of social style. “Yunxiang clothes flower, the spring breeze,” Li Bai used this poem to describe the women’s clothing and beauty, no doubt, Tang Dynasty gorgeous costumes and beautiful makeup, adding a layer for Changan City Beautiful colors.

China since ancient times is a clothing in the country. In addition to the most basic mask function, it is more obvious class political significance. It is worth noting that under the influence of mutual integration of foreign cultures and local culture, this is extremely Da enriched the form of costumes in Changan, and the promotion of female social status is relatively open, and women will show people with men’s image. These seemingly interesting phenomena that is impossible in ancient feudal society, found a relationship in archaeological discovers.

Men’s arched hand, Tang, high 35 cm, width 10 cm, 2016 Xi’an Cultural Relics Bureau Inspection Team, Xi’an Museum Tibet

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

The eyebrows are clear, and the colors are ruddy, for women’s image. Head, wearing a head, wearing a men’s round neck robes, waistband leather belt, arched stand. The Tang Dynasty society is open, and women’s men’s clothing becomes a universal behavior. The image information of the earliest men’s clothing in the Tang Dynasty was found in the Tang Taizong’s 甥 甥 甥 简 简 简 简 简 简During the Tianbao period, some officials of the wife also began to wear husband’s clothes cap boots to make it a popular trend.

Dai Fengcap, Tang, Tang, 6.5 cm, 20 cm high, Xi’an Museum Tibet

This climb is covered with a yellow hood, and the yellow coat is covered with a white circle on a white coat. The lapel is white. Wear tight robes. This embarrame is full of eyebrows, the corner of the mouth, the face muscles are tight, an angry look. Holding a fist in a box, there is a hole in the box, and it can be seen in the hands of the original. Should be a description of the majestic guard guard. The hood, also known as the freshbral hat, is a unique costume that galloped in the northern grassland.

Golden flower comb shell, Tang, 6.8 cm wide, width 1.7 cm, 1965 Xi’an Chang’an District San Zhao Village unearthed, Xi’an Museum Tibet

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

The texture is made of silk mosaic process, and the two-sided pattern is the same. The middle is a plum flower, and there is a mood on both sides, and the plum blossoms and the water drops. The original inlaid is turquoise, is now falling off, and the edge is decorated around a week.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

The diet life of the Tang Dynasty is more abundant than the previous generation, from cooking technology, cooking foods to the diet appliance, more exquisite, as Chang’an in the city, will have a famous dish in the field, and exquisite utensils. During the year, the property is rich, the folk warehouse is full, and people solve the problem of warmth, and they are beginning to “eat tricks”. Through a large number of archaeological cultural relics, we have to restore the diet of the time. Among them, the Tang Dynasty is drinking, and the wind of tea is prevalent.

“Leju Chang’an-Tangdu Changan People’s Life Exhibition” exhibition site

“Leju Chang’an-Tangdu Changan People’s Life Exhibition” exhibition site

“Leju Chang’an-Tangdu Changan People’s Life Exhibition” exhibition site

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

“Leju Chang’an-Tangdu Changan People’s Life Exhibition” exhibition site

Shangguan’s emerald (Top)

Shi female, hunting ribbon eight-petal single silver cup, Tang, high 4.2 cm, 9 cm diameter, 1983 Xi’an Ming District Daming Palace Township Ma Qizhai unearthed, Xi’an Museum Tibet

The cup is eight-petal flower shape, and the eight-petal space is taken with a willow strip, four petals for men hunting, four petals for the girl, two patterns arranged. Cup cushion center circle 錾 錾 花 角 纹. Deer was considered a pure and sweet animal, and the deer lines on the Tang Dynasty were used in the sheatter. They were related to the “deer” system of the Tang Dynasty, and the “deer” and “Lu” homophonic, took their “Fulu, Fu Yun” “之意. Typical utensils used by Multiran Silver for Central Asia, with frequent exchanges of trade on the East and Western China, in the Tang Dynasty. The silver cup belongs to the boutique in the gold and silver in the Tang Dynasty.

Baosheng Huaqi Tea, Tang, Diameter 7.2 cm, 1977 Xi’an Cultural Relics Management Committee, Xi’an Museum Tibet

The four treasures of the four treasures are evenly distributed in the circular arc, and the inner bottom projector is convex. The outer side surface, there is a flared circle, the bottom is flat, and the tea tray is gold.

The Tang Dynasty is the promotion of the development of feudal society, economic prosperity, strong national strength, relatively stable social, and promotes the development of handicrafts and manufacturing. At the same time, on the road, the sea Silk Road has promoted foreign trade, and all countries have continuously transported to Dudicheng Changan, and there is a variety of kinds and dazzling.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Golden Bar Rumen Grape Mirror, Tang, 19.7 cm in diameter, Majiagou Village, Fuqiao District, Xi’an, 2002, is unearthed, Xi’an Museum

Eight out of the rhombus shape, the mirror back is a golden shell, and the Rui beast is the most distinctive new mirror in the Tang Dynasty. This golden shell mirror is thick, the golden shell is fine, the production is exquisite, and it is rare precious.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Marban, Tang, Height 7.5 cm, 13.5 cm in the diameter, 0.7 cm of the edge, 1968 Xi’an Xincheng District Hansenzhan unearthed, Xi’an Museum Tibet

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Agate carved by a dark brown collar with textured agate. The mids have a long elliptical shape, the bottom of the rock is smooth, and the outer bottom is weak. Although there is no patterns, but the use of agate texture is interlaced, and the streamer is bruising. It is used in conjunction with the pestle to use the container for the medicine.

The fourth unit: thousands of songs can’t

The great rich in material life provides a living space that is pursuing the spiritual enjoyment of the spirit. The open social atmosphere and ruling people have promoted the innovation and development of Chang’an music, acrobatics, and competition, and Changan’s entertainment. Event color is present.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

The three-color boy son stacking technology, Tang, Tongtao 40.8 cm, 2002, the Tang Tomb of Guo Du Town, Chang’an District, Xi’an, China, Tibet

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Sherriss’s hands stretched straightforward, there are two groups of boy sons on the top of the head, each group. The top boy wears a pair of trousers, making high altitude perylate, and the rest of the boy has different movements. Triecarea, today’s “stunner”, commonly known as “code live”, this is an acrobatic project in the Tang Dynasty. This three-color boy, the Ranamynacebic technology is very vivid, the bottom of the power is round, the abdomen is round drum, the top of the six boy moves, giving people a strong art infection, is a relatively few three-color works in the same subject. Real show the high level of acrobatics in the Tang Dynasty.

Sancai ride, Tang, Tang, Tongtao 50.1 cm, 40.5 cm long, in 2002, Hi Du Town, Guo Du Town, Chang’an District, Xi’an, Tibet, Tibet

The camel shape is high, the doubles are round, the head is burst, the tail is on the roll, and the four legs are standing on the square pallet. There is an elliptical felt on the back pad, and the felt has a pleated lace. Sitting on the side of the peak side, the left leg is on the right leg. The hull is deeply nostrous, with the abutment, the head is wearing a head, wearing a narrow sleeve and lapeting the robe, waistband, right hand raised, left hand holding a boxing, chest hanging drum.

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

In the light of the people, the cultural relics of these Tang Dynasty cultural relics in the exhibition hall are not allowed to tell us the Tangdu Chang’an bag of Tangdu, and the people of the people, the people ‘s life, and the people’ s lives. “From these exhibits, we can see that the Tang Dynasty is to accept a variety of cultures with a very open attitude. The Tang Dynasty has a hill’s blood, there is a national integration concept.” Chen Xiaoling said.

It is reported that during the exhibition, Wu Culture Museum will carry out rich social education activities such as Salon, academic lectures, courses, lead the audience in the temperature of history and cultural relics, meet with the brilliant time.

The exhibition will be extended to December 14.

Editor in charge: Gu Weihua

“姑苏看尽长安花”,苏州呈现百余唐代文物

Author: Zhang Yan